Warping and buckling

  • The film embraces the Gate Rollers for about 8 frames on (35mm 4Perf) and about 12 frames on (16mm).
  • Only the edges of the film are in contact with the Gate Rollers at any time.
  • The embracing process reduces the buckling of the film and together with the appropriate film tension – which adapts automatically to different film formats – warping and bending in the film gate is further flattened out and minimized.